Economic interest is when the industrial revolution had brought great prosperity to the western powers. They looked to other nations for new customers and new places to invest in. They also began looking for new sources of raw material for their factories. Military Needs created strong navies to defend their shores and protect their trading interests.
Ideology was one’s strong sense of nationalism, or love of one’s country another was the feeling of cultural superiority. Social Darwinism believed that only the fittest would survive. They believed to civilize the inhabitants of less developed countries and Spread the benefits of westerns society.
Scramble for territory is when the United States wanted to claim its own territories abroad.
Taking control of Hawaii As more Americans came to the islands investors in the sugar industry began increasing their control. By 1874 American’s had gained control over Hawaii’s land and economy. In 1887 the Hawaiian league forced king Kalakaua to sign a new constitution at Gunpoint and the king angrily called it the bayonet constitution.
Influence in Asia Spheres of influence is a geographic area where an outside nation exerts special economic or political control. Open door policy was a policy to give all nations equal trading rights in china.
The Spanish- American war It was when the United States declared war on Spain. The wars took place in the Caribbean and in the Philippians. America won the war and had the annexation of the Philippines.
Roosevelt and Latin America After the war the US began to expand its power in Latin America. Roosevelt created the Platt Amendment and it limited Cuba’s ability to sign with other nations it gave the United States the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. The Amendment made also made Cuba U.S. protectorate which is a country under the control and protection of another country. Then the Foraker Act was established that the United States would appoint Puerto Rico’s governor and the upper house of it legislature.
Panama Canal The United States began the project in May 1904.Hardships faced by canal workers which yellow fever and malaria, Accidents, Lost equipment, and extreme heat. To put project back on track Roosevelt appointed John F. Stevens as chief engineer and architect. In 1914 the SS Ancon became the first ship to pass officially through the Panama Canal.
Wilson and the Mexican Revolution In February 1914 Wilson authorized arms sales to Huerta’s enemies. On April 9, 1914 nine crew members of the USS Dolphin went ashore for supplies in the Mexican port of Tampico. There they were arrested by soldiers loyal to Huerta. The American’s were quickly released and unharmed. After that they called in the Tampico incident, the president asked congress on April, 20 to authorize the use of armed forces against Mexico. It was approved on April 22, but events in Mexico moved faster. While waiting for congress to pass the act President Wilson learned some alarming news. The Germans were lending a hand to Mexico to attack America. Wilson then ordered the U.S navy to seize the city. This created the Battle of Veracruz. It lasted for six months. On Feduary,5,1917 the war ended.