Us Entered the war as a neutral party. In May, 7 1915 a Brits ship the Lusitnania was sunk by german subs. The incident killed 100 americans in the process. The us protested and germany ceased the USW. The germans did this to avoid antagonizing americans.
Wilson’s re-election Wilson’s campaign assured American’s that he would not send their sons to die in Europe. Wilson was Re-Elected in 1917. After being re-elected he asked the allied and central powers to accept a“peace without victory”. This angered the allies they blamed the central powers for starting the war and wanted them to pay for wartime damage and destruction.
United States declares war In mid-march 1917, German U-boats sank three American merchant ships. This outraged Americans because they violated that America was a neutral party during the war. Then President Wilson called a meeting with his cabinet. On April, 2 Wilson asked congress to declare war on Germany so that the world could “be made safe for democracy”. On April, 6, 1917, the United States joined the war on the side of the allies. The united states had to make an act called the Selective Service Act which required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register to be drafted in the armed forces.
Arriving in Europe U.S. troops arrived in France in late June 1917. The U.S. made a system called the Convoy System which troops were transported by ships which were surrounded by destroyers or cruisers for protection. This reduced the number of ships sunk and limited the loss of troops and supplies. Almost 12 months after arriving in France, American troops finally saw combat.
The War Ends The war ended on July 15 1918. The American’s suffered son 120,000 casualties. An American writer W.E.B. Du Bois referred the healing of the world as the “wounded world”
Mobilizing the Economy When the united states were in the war there was an expansion of the federal government. A council of national defense took over the board of everything. The war industries board had to regulate production for soldiers. The food administration told people not to waste there food because people are starving in Europe. The rail road administration was used to move troops. Then there was the national war labor board which focused on labor issues.
Peace without victory On January 1918 President Wilson outlined his vision of world peace in a speech he made to the U.S. congress it was called the Fourteen Points plan. Wilson called for open diplomacy, freedom of the seas, the removal of trade barriers, and the reduction of military arms. He also called for an etlsbalshiment of the League of Nations. The league would be an organization of nations that would work together to settle disputes, protect democracy, and prevent future wars.
The Treaty of Versailles Eventually the allies reached an agreement and presented their peace treaty to Germany. The final treaty was much harsher than Wilson had wanted. The treaty did include some of Wilson’s Fourteen Points. It would establish the League of Nations. Wilson was disappointed at the treaty’s harshness but believed that the League of Nations could resolve any problems the treaty had created. Wilson returned to the United States and formally presented the treaty to the U.S. senate two days later. He needed the support of both Republican and Democratic senators to ratify, or approve, the treaty. In the end the United States never joined the League of Nation. Without the United States, the League’s ability to keep world peace was uncertain.
The Impact of World War I The economic impact on the United States was great. The United States emerged as the world’s leading economic power. Even though a world power they still faced economic challenges at home. The demand for consumer goods increased as Americans raced to buy items that had been in short supply during the war. This increased inflation and many Americans struggled to afford ordinary day to day items. The war had drawn more than a million women into the American workforce. Their service to the nation contributed to the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1919. The war also encouraged many African Americans to move to northern cities in search of factory work. In Europe Great Britain was deeply in debt to the United States and lost its position as the world’s financial center.
World War I would not be the “war to end all wars”, as many hoped. Too many issues were left unresolved, and to much anger and hostility would remain. Within a generation, conflict would again break out in Europe, pulling the United States and the rest of the world back into war.